Baltic pilot 1917

Från Vippfyr till GPS

Baltic pilot 1917

194 BONEHAMN APPROACHES—BEACONS.
the shore, lies the Grotlingbo Grund, covered with 3i fathoms water.
North-northeastward of Grotlingbo Grund and nearly 2 miles south
eastward from the beacon of Grotlingbo Point is a shoal of 3 J
fathoms.
During southwesterly gales sheltered anchorage may be obtained
in a depth of 3\ to 4J fathoms, fine sand over clay, in the southern
part of Sles Viken.
Fishing lights, fixed white, are shown at Tubod, and Flunting
(two lights, in line 353°) on dark nights when the local fishermen
are at sea.
Ronehamn Approaches—Islets—Grbtlingboholm is } mile long north
and south and is situated with its southern end about 300 yards
eastward of Grotlingbo Point.
Ytterholmen, situated 1J miles eastward of Grotlingbo Point, is
1,600 yards long northeast and southwest, low, barren, and sur
rounded by reefs and islets, which extend more than \ mile southwestward
and 1} miles in a northeasterly direction from the islet.
Beacons.—Grotlingbo Point Beacon, 3J miles south-southwestward from
Ronehamn, is a pole, 30 feet high, without stays and with
a white cross as topmark. On the point is a large windmill.
Grotlingboholm Beacon, on the northern point of the islet, is a
cairn, 14 feet high, with a pole and square topmark, the whole painted
white.
Ostergrund Beacon, on some rocks about 1J miles northeastward
of Ytterholmen, is 19 feet high and consists of reinforced concrete,
triangular in shape, with a slanting red stripe on its two seaward
faces; above the beacon on supports are two boards 8 feet high
at right angles to one another, painted white with red diagonal
stripes showing to seaward.
Getskiir Beacon, on an islet about 1,200 yards southward of the
harbor is a white cairn 10 feet high, with pole and white round
topmark.
Langord Beacon, westward of the last mentioned, is a white cairn
10 feet high.
Stenriinnan Beacons, 1,000 and 1,400 yards, respectively, southwestward
of the harbor, are red pole beacons with stays; the rear
(western) beacon has a topmark on top of the pole consisting of a
board shaped like a truncated cone, narrow end up, and the front
(eastern) beacon has a similar board, narrow end down in the middle
of the pole.
Inline, bearing 252°, they lead through Stenrannan.
Bankhalet Beacon, immediately north of the harbor, is a red pole
with stays and a topmark, consisting of a white square over a hori
zontal white band. Rone Church, in line with this beacon bearing
323°, leads through Bankhalet.
GOTLAND. 195
Tomteboda Beacon, about 1,800 yards northeastward of the pier,
is a white cairn with a red band, about 14 feet high, with pole and
white square topmark.
Dangers Buoys.—Espebriten, awash, on the western side of the
southern entrance to Ronehamn and about 1 mile southward of
Grotlingboholm, is marked on its eastern side by a black and white
spar buoy with ball.
Smabriten, with 2A fathoms, lies on the eastern side of the ap
proach to the southern entrance, within the 5-fathoms line, nearly 1.6
miles south-southeastward of Grotlingboholm and the same distance
from Ytterholmen.
Soderbriten, with 2A fathoms, also within the 5-fathoms line, lies
about 1 mile eastward of Ytterholmen. A black and white spar
buoy, with two balls, lies nearly A mile east-southeastward of the
shoal.
About 5 miles east-southeastward from Ytterholmen is a patch of
sand over a mile in extent, with from 8 to 10 fathoms on it, and 11 to
12 fathoms around.
Lillgrund, with 3 } fathoms, lies close to the 5-fathom line, 2 miles
eastward of Ytterholmen, and 1 mile northeastward of Soderbriten.
Mellgrund, on the south side of the northern entrance to Rone
hamn, has 1J fathoms on it; a black spar buoy with ball lies about
800 yards northeastward of the shoal.
Skirkgrund (Skrikgrund), with about 5 feet of water over it, lies
J mile westward of Mellgrund; a black spar buoy with bull is moored
northward of the shoal, close to the leading line for the northern
entrance. About 300 yards south-southwestward of the buoy is a
patch of 2 fathoms.
A shoal on the north side of the channel is marked by a red *par
buoy, with upturned broom over two balls, moored about 400 yards
west-northwestward of the Skirkgrund Buoy and close to the leading
line, with Rone Church in line with Tomteboda Beacon, and Oja
Church in line with the mill on Grotlingbo Point.
Isgrund, awash, marked on its southeastern side by a black and
white spar buoy, and Vinden, a shoal of 1 fathom, marked on its north
eastern end by a similar buoy, lie inside Ytterholmen and on the
northwest side of the south channel.
When necessary on account of ice Espebritten black and white
buoy, with ball, will be replaced by a plain mark; also the red buoy
with downturned broom over a ball which lies on the reef westward
of Ytterholmen and about 1,400 yards north-northeastward of Esbritten
will be replaced by a broom mark with downturned broom, and
the black buoy with one ball northward of Skirkgrund will be re
placed by a plain mark, and the red buoy with two balls and up
196 RONEHAMN SOUTHERN ENTRANCE ANCHORAGES.
turned broom 400 yards westward of Skirkgrund Buoy will be
replaced by a broom mark.
Channels Depths.—The southern entrance to Ronehamn, between
Grotlingboholm and Ytterholmen, is available for vessels of 12J
feet draft at mean water level as far as Grotlingbo Point Anchor
age and for those of (H feet draft to the roads and harbor.
The northern entrance, northward of Mellgrund, is available for
vessels of 16 feet draft to the outer road, and for those of 9 feet draft
to the harbor through the Stenrannan.
Bankhalet Channel, between the outer and inner roads, is dredged
to a depth of 16J feet at mean level and 1 foot less at low level.
Anchorages.—Grotlingbo Point Anchorage between Grotlingbo
holm and Ytterholmen has depths of from to 3J fathoms over
clay. A berth in 3J fathoms is with Grotlingbo Church in line with
the beacon on Grotlingboholm and Fide Church, close southward of
the beacon on Grotlingbo Point.
Gajisviken Anchorage, northwestward of the northern end of
Grotlingboholm, has a depth of about 13 feet at mean level, sand
bottom. Sandstone is shipped here. Vessels of 10J feet draft can
reach it from the outer road and those of 9J feet from Grotlingbo
Point Anchorage.
Outer road, eastward and southeastward of Bankhalet dredged
channel, has depths of from 22 to 26 feet, over clay. The best anchor
age is in 3J fathoms, with Oja Church close westward of the mill on
Grotlingbo Point, and Rone Church over a small white house with
red-tiled roof north of the large four-storied warehouse at Rone
hamn.
Inner road, a hunderd yards southward of the pier, has a depth of
about 16 feet over gravel and clay. The Stenrannan and Bankhalet
Channels le.ad into it. At low-water level only a vessel of 13 J feet
draft or less can swing.
The Harbor of Ronehamn, 11 miles northward of Faludden
Lighthouse, and 3J miles from Grotlingbo Point, has a depth of 14J
feet at mean water level and 1 foot less at low level, with a bottom
of sand and gravel. There is a loading pier about 200 yards long
on which railway lines are laid. The depth on the inner side of the
pier for 34 yards from the outer end is the same as in the harbor, and
on the outer side, for 56 yards from the end, it is from 11 to 12i feet;
inside these limits the depth decreases toward the shore, and at the
inner end it is 8 J feet on both sides. Small vessels can careen and
repair at the pier.
Dredging.—During dredging operations in the south entrance
channel and in the entrance to Ronehamn Harbor, the dredger will
exhibit a red flag during the daytime and a fixed red light at night
on the side on which vessels must pass.
GOTLAND. 197
Pilots.—Ronehamn is a pilot station; pilots meet vessels outside
the shoals except at night. The Ronehamn pilots also attend at
Grotlingbo Point.
Directions—Southern entrance.—When approaching the southern
entrance to Ronehamn between Grotlingboholm and Ytterholmen,
before Faludden Lighthouse bears southward of 212°, bring Rone
Church in line with, or close eastward of, Grotlingboholm Beacon,
bearing 350°, which marks leads between Smabriten and a3J-fathom
patch previously mentioned; leave Espebriten to port and a red
spar buoy with down-turned broom over ball, lying westward of
Ytterholmen southwest reef, to starboard.
Having passed the last-mentioned buoy, when Grotlingbo Church
comes in line with the mill on Grotlingbo Point, bearing 282°, steer
44°, and when abreast of a red broom buoy on the reef westward of
Ytterholmen, anchor in Grotlingbo Point anchorage, as previously
described. A vessel of 9J feet draft can proceed farther on the 44°
course, leaving Isgrund and Vinden to port, and passing between the
red broom buoy and the black and white spar buoy moored off the
northeastern end of the latter shoal. Then steer 341° toward the
harbor, and after passing westward of another red broom buoy steer
toward Tomteboda Beacon; when Rone Church comes in line with
Bankhalet Beacon, bearing 323°, steer on that mark through Bank
halet dredged channel, and thence through the inner road to the
harbor.
Bankhalet Channel is marked by three pairs of buoys, red broom
buoys on the east and black and white spar buoys on the west side.
Northern entrance.—When approaching the northern entrance
to Ronehamn, before Nars Lighthouse bears eastward of 31° bring
Eke Church close southward of the customhouse at Ronehamn, bear
ing 268°, and steer in on that mark passing northward of the buoys
marking Mellgrund and Skirkgrund (Skrikgrund) ; a vessel will be
near the position of the Mellgrund Buoy when Oja Church is open a
little southward of Ostergrund Beacon.
As at present the depth between the Skirkgrund Buoy and the red
spar buoy with broom over two balls, 400 yards eastward of it, is not
more than 14 feet, vessels drawing more than 13 feet must (under
the direction of a pilot) pass near the Skirkgrund Buoy, whore the
water is deepest. From the red buoy, and not before, steer 224° to
the outer road and anchor as previously described. When proceed
ing from the red buoy to the road, do not stand farther eastward to
ward Skirkgrund than to have Oja Church in line with the beacon
on Grotlingboholm, or farther westward than to have Grotlingbo
Church in line with Getskar Beacon.
Or, instead of anchoring in the road,' proceed through Bankhalet
dredged channel to the inner road or harbor, as previously described.
198 RONEHAMJT—NARSHAMN.
To pass through Stenrannan to the harbor, steer 259°, from the
red spar buoy with broom over two balls, mentioned above, leaving a
broom buoy to starboard and a black and white spar buoy to port,
and when about 400 yards past the latter buoy bring the Stenrannan
Pole Beacons in line bearing 252°, which lead through that channel,
passing between three broom buoys to starboard and two black and
white spar buoys to port, into the inner road, whence steer northward
to the harbor.
Communication.—Ronehamn has railway and telegraphic com
munication; there is steam communication with Stockholm, also with
Visby and Gotland ports.
Supplies.—Provisions, water, and ships' stores can be obtained.
Trade.—Exports consist of grain, wood, stone, and farm produce;
imports are coal, manure, salt, etc.
Narshamn, situated about 6J miles east-northeastward of Ronehamn,
and northwestward of Nar Lighthouse, is occasionally used
by small vessels, but it is exposed to winds between south and south
west; the bay affords anchorage, in a depth of 13 feet, sand, at 'a
distance of 600 or 800 yards from Nars Village; vessels of deeper
draft can anchor farther out in from 16 to 20 feet, with the light
house bearing about 100°.
To enter, steer for Lau Church Tower, bearing 336°, and when
the southernmost point of land to starboard is abeam, steer 354°
to the anchorage.
Pilots are obtained from Ronehamn or Ljugarn.
Fishing lights, fixed white, arc shown on dark nights when the
local fishermen are at sea, at Djupkrok, Nystrand, Hus (two lights,
in line 331°), Tomteboda (two lights, in line 353°), Herta (four
lights, two at the southwestern and two at the northeastern harbor,
each pair in line bearing 331°), and Kapelle (two lights, in line 353°).
Nar Light.—On the southern extremity of Narsholmen stands a
circular iron tower, 53 feet high, painted red with three white bands;
from which, at an elevation of 68 feet above the sea, is exhibited
a flashing white light visible 14 miles.
From the same tower an occulting white light is exhibited at an
elevation of 46 feet above the sea, visible 8 miles over a small sector
to the northward. (.See Light List.)